Asphalt is one of the most prevalent roofing materials used in households across the United States. But it's hardly the only option homeowners have when it comes to roofing materials today. There are also some attractive characteristics in clay, metal, wood and cement, but asphalt roofs can be just as lovely and functional when properly installed and preserved. Here's what you need to understand if you're planning for an asphalt roof for your home. Also, consider contacting roofing contractors in OKC to get the best results.
What's an Asphalt Roof?
Asphalt shingles are mainly a mixture of asphalt-soaked paper or fiberglass and is one of the least costly roofing materials. Ceramic granules are added in order to produce a solid surface. The granules also offer color to asphalt roofs, ranging from basic black or white to different colors of brown, grey, blue, and red. These granules also represent heat and provide protection against the rays of the sun.
What Are the Asphalt Shingle Types?
When it comes to asphalt shingles, you will literally have hundreds of options with colors, textures and styles etc. However, with an asphalt roof, there are three basic types of shingles that can be used:
Three-tab organic shingles: Three-tab organic shingles come in three tabs with 3-foot strips. These shingles carry a thin fiber sheet that can be wood composite or even foam paper that is soaked in asphalt cement and pushed through a roller prior to coating and rolling again. A ceramic granule layer is also added to the warm shingles. To provide with security against water backup and wind uplift, an epoxy solution is added. These widely used shingles typically come with 20-30 years warranty coverage.
Three-tab fiberglass shingles: To create three-tab fiberglass shingles instead of paper, a matt fiberglass is used. Less asphalt is used during the pressing and rolling phase. These shingles are lighter than their organic counterparts thus making them simpler to install than others. While those shingles are less probable to fall off, they are more prone to elevate wind damage.
Architectural shingles: This type of shingles is known for their vibrant appearance and high performance. Architectural shingles have two layers, making them heavier and more resistant to wind gusts of up to 90 mph. If you prefer aesthetics in a shingle, you will enjoy the fact that architectural shingles can be affordably resembling wood or slate shingles.
How are Roofs of Asphalt Installed?
Asphalt shingles must be installed on a flat, smooth roof deck or sheathing. All nails must be removed from the sheathing with a re-roof. A metal or vinyl strip (drip strip) is mounted to stretch the roofline to allow effective water runoff.
If the freeze-thaw cycle is a problem, an ice-water membrane can be mounted on the drip edges of the roof to avoid any kind of damage due to water. Tar paper placed over the ice-water shield can provide an extra layer of moisture protection.
Metal pieces called flashing are mounted in the valleys of the roof. During roof installation or replacement, flashing for chimneys and dormers is mounted at the suitable stage. After thorough measurements are taken, the asphalt shingles are mounted.
You can get in touch with roofing contractor in OKC from Elliott Roofing for best results.